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Spoken English

GERUNDS

Read the following sentences. Smoking isn’t always good for your health. I like reading biographies. In the first sentence, smoking is the subject of the verb is. In the second sentence, reading is the object of the verb. smoking and reading are formed by adding – ing to the verbs smoke and read. In the second sentence, storybooks are the object of the reading. Thus, reading also acts as a noun and takes on an object of …

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MODALS

Modal Auxiliary Verbs An auxiliary verb allows different verbs to make tenses, passive forms etc. There are two groups – primary auxiliaries and modal auxiliaries. Modal auxiliaries The verbs will, could, shall, should, can, may, might, must, ought dare and need are usually called modal auxiliaries. They are used with different verbs to explicit actions, …

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FUTURE TENSE

SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE WITH AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES. LET’S UNDERSTAND THE RULES POSITIVE: SUB + WILL BE + OBJECT (BE VERB) POSITIVE: SUB + WILL + HAVE + OBJECT (TO HAVE) POSITIVE: SUB + WILL + VERB 1 + OBJECT (ACTION VERBS) LET’S SEE THE EXAMPLES (BE VERB) I will be protective of her.(I …

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PRESENT TENSE

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE SIMPLE PRESENT WITH AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES. LET’S UNDERSTAND THE RULES POSITIVE: SUB + IS/AM/ARE + OBJECT. (BE VERB) POSITIVE: SUB + HAS/HAVE + OBJECT. (TO HAVE) POSITIVE: SUB + VERB 1/VERB 1 (S/ES) + OBJECT. (ACTION VERBS) LET’S SEE THE EXAMPLES (BE VERB) I am a student. (I- AM) She is irresponsible.(HE / …

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PAST TENSE

SIMPLE PAST TENSE SIMPLE PAST TENSE WITH AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES. LET’S UNDERSTAND THE RULES POSITIVE: SUB + WAS/WERE + OBJECT (BE VERB) POSITIVE: SUB + HAD (2ND FORM OF HAVE) + OBJECT (TO HAVE) POSITIVE: SUB + VERB 2 + OBJECT (ACTION VERBS) LET’S SEE THE EXAMPLES (BE VERB) I was insane. (I – WAS) She was …

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ARTICLES

A vs. An Our three-part English Articles Tutorial gives you 25 useful tips to help you use articles like a native speaker. Here in part 1, we introduce A and AN and teach you how to choose between the two. USE 1 Article A is used before singular, countable nouns which begin with consonant sounds. Examples He is a teacher. She doesn’t own a car. I saw a bear at the zoo. USE …

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ADJECTIVE

FUNCTIONS OF ADJECTIVES Adjectives describe the aspects of nouns. When an adjective is describing a noun, we say it’s “modifying” it. Adjectives can: Describe feelings or qualities, EXAMPLES He is a lonely man. They are honest. Give nationality or origin, EXAMPLES I heard a Kannada song. This clock is Indian. Our home is Indian. Tell more about a thing’s characteristics, EXAMPLES That …

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PRONOUNS

Pronouns update nouns. An extraordinary pronoun is required depending on two elements: the noun being changed and the function that noun has within the sentence. In English, pronouns only take the gender of the noun they replace within the 3rd person singular form. The 2nd person plural pronouns are just like the 2nd person singular …

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NOUN

DEFINITION & TYPES Nouns refer to persons, places, animals, events, things, or ideas, etc. Nouns cover most of the words of a language. A Noun can be a/an – Person – a name for a person: – Bharat, Rohan, Ram, Ananya, Tarun, etc. Animal – a name for an animal: – goat, elephant, cow, dog, etc. Place – a …

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PARTS OF SPEECH

There are eight brothers in the English family. The first brother is NOUN – (Naming word) A noun is the name of a person, place, thing, or idea. Examples of nouns: Ram, Telangana, table, cat, teacher, pen, city, happiness. Example sentences: Ajay lives in Gurgaon.  Ram uses pen and paper to write letters. Shreya, Rohan, and Siddharth are my cousins (Names of persons). Schools and libraries are good places to study …

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