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PARTS OF SPEECH

There are eight brothers in the English family.

The first brother is NOUN – (Naming word)

A noun is the name of a person, place, thing, or idea.

Examples of nouns: Ram, Telangana, table, cat, teacher, pen, city, happiness.

Example sentences:

  1. Ajay lives in Gurgaon. 
  2. Ram uses pen and paper to write letters.
  3. Shreya, Rohan, and Siddharth are my cousins (Names of persons).
  4. Schools and libraries are good places to study (Names of places),
  5. Respect, love, and trust are the important ingredients to make a healthy relationship (Names of emotions or feelings).
  6. Cats and dogs are common pets (Names of animals).
  7. Tiffin and bottles are a must for school-going children (Names of things).

The second brother is PRONOUN – (Replaces a Noun)

A pronoun is used in place of a noun or noun phrase to avoid repetition.

Examples of pronouns: me, I, you, they, she, he, it, we, us, my, him, her, this, those.

Example sentences: 

  1. Abhijeet is tired. He wants to sleep. want him to watch a movie with me.
  2. Sourabh is a businessman. He deals in plastic toys. He earns a lot. He is very rich and skilful.
  3. The teacher was teaching him and her (Personal pronoun/ objective).
  4. Sheyou, and I will go to the market tomorrow (Personal pronouns/ Subjective).
  5. Yesterday Aditi came to my home. She wanted to take my English notebook. I gave her that.
  6. We go for a picnic every Saturday.

The third brother is ADJECTIVE – (Describing word)

An adjective describes, modifies, or gives more information about a noun or pronoun. 

Examples: small, red, old, fun, crazy, sad, fun

Example sentences: 

  1. The little girl had a pink hat.
  2. He has boiled eggs for breakfast.
  3. I prefer black dresses to dark blue.
  4. This family is very convivial (A demonstrative adjective).
  5. I would like to drink cold coffee.
  6. He was frustrated as well as annoyed.

The fourth brother is VERB – (Action Word)

verb shows an action or state of being. A verb shows what something or someone is doing. 

Examples: go, drive, run, eat, speak, live, fly, have, fight, are, is

Example sentences: 

  1. like his dress. 
  2. study their books and play their games.
  3. My grandmother waters the plants every day. 
  4. During riots, people vandalized government property.
  5. Salesman discounted 40% on shopping.
  6. She does food for me.
  7. The principal admired him for good scores.

The fifth brother is ADVERB – (Describes a verb)

An adverb describes/modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. It tells where, when, how, how often, or to what extent. Many adverbs end in -LY

Examples: slowly, daily, always, sadly, away, too, well, tomorrow, here.

Example sentences: 

  1. I am usually very busy. Yesterday, I ate my snacks quickly.
  2. He screams (Adverb of manners).
  3. often go to the temple (Adverb of frequency).
  4. I kept my car keys here (Adverb of place).
  5. He is very brave (Adverb of degree).
  6. I will submit my assignment tomorrow (Adverb of time).

The sixth brother is PREPOSITION – (Shows relationship)

preposition shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word. They can indicate place, time, or relationship.

Examples: with, but, from, on, in, until, away, between, by, under.

Example sentences: 

  1. I left my laptop on the desk for you.
  2. Please sit at the dining table.
  3. We were talking about our final exams. 
  4. He is punctual so always comes on time.
  5. We are going towards the railway station.
  6. My friend lives in Mumbai at Vashi.

The seventh brother is CONJUNCTION – (Joining word)

conjunction joins two words, ideas, phrases, or clauses together in a sentence and shows how they are connected.

Examples: and, or, but, because, nor, yet, and, since, so.

Example sentences: 

  1. I was tired and sleepy but I still finished my homework.
  2. My friend and I study in the same school.
  3. I want to go home, but I do not get a holiday.
  4. I will help you if you need any help.
  5. My neighbour wanted to know whether I could drive the car or not.
  6. I speak in Tamil because it’s my mother tongue. 

The eighth brother is INTERJECTION – (Expressive word)

An interjection is a word or phrase that expresses a strong feeling or emotion. It is a short exclamation. 

Examples: Ouch! Aah! Great! Help! Oh! Oops! Hi!

Example sentences: 

  1. Oops! Mistakenly I wrote wrong.
  2. Wow! I passed my English test. 
  3. Hurrah! Finally, you won the match.
  4. Hey! Can’t you listen to me?
  5. Wow! It is so beautiful.
  6. Ouch! I hurt myself.

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